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Orthodontics

What is the meaning of orthodontics?

It is a specialized branch of cosmetic dentistry that focuses on prevention and treatment of misaligned teeth and facial irregularities and abnormalities.

Orthodontic treatment is often necessary to help improve the stability, function and health of an individual's teeth.

Who are the candidates of orthodontic treatment?

Kids and adults with malaligned teeth, crowded teeth, projected teeth and gap between the teeth are the candidates of orthodontic treatment.

What does the orthodontist do?

Normally the irregularity of the teeth is corrected by putting braces.

What steps are followed in orthodontic treatment?

Diagnosis and treatment planning

This includes medical history, clinical examination, plaster models of the teeth, clinical photographs, cephalographs,OPG and occlusal view radiographs.

Treatment planning and mechanotherapy

This varies according to individual patient's requirement. Then suitable appliances are used and periodically adjusted to get desired results.

Retention phase

Third is the retention phase in which the patient is required to wear a retainer so that teeth retain their new place/position.

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What are the advantages of orthodontics?

Orthodontic treatment improves proper functioning of the jaws, boosts self confidence of the individual. Incidence of Caries and gum problems is considerably reduced.

What are reasons for malalignment of teeth?

Malalignment of teeth occurs due to hereditary, developmental disorders and habits like thumb sucking, tongue thrusting and lip and nail biting, injury etc.

At what age one can go for orthodontic treatment?

Acc to experts a child at the age of 7 should be brought to an orthodontist because this is the time when the new teeth erupt and after evaluating the teeth, necessary treatment can be done(i.e. to prevent any severe problem in future).This is referred to as phase I treatment. The phase I treatment is for 12-21months. After this dentist gives a rest period in which the eruption and formation of the teeth are monitored. Then in phase II when the child turns 12-13 full braces can be put if the teeth are still not in the right shape.

Do adults go for this treatment?

In fact mostly the adults go for it because they want to look good and confident. There is no age bar for putting on braces.

What types of braces are available?

There are 3 type of braces i.e. metallic, ceramic and lingual. Metal braces are conventional and most commonly used. Ceramic are very popular with adults as they look good and match with the teeth color. Lingual braces are invisible and comfortable as they are not seen outside

How much time is required for the treatment?

On an average 18 months is required but the time depends on individual needs and problems.

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